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Understanding Your Baby’s Sleep Schedule in the First Year: A Comprehensive Guide

Navigating a baby’s sleep schedule during the first year can be a complex process, as it tends to change rapidly and varies from baby to baby. This guide aims to shed light on what you might expect and how you can better manage your little one’s sleep pattern during this pivotal period.

What to Expect: Sleep Schedules from 0-12 Months

The First Three Months: Newborn Sleep Schedule

Newborns sleep a lot – typically up to 16-18 hours a day. However, they have not yet developed a circadian rhythm, so their sleep is spread throughout the day and night.

3-6 Months: Early Sleep Patterns

At this stage, babies start to develop a more predictable sleep pattern, with longer sleep stretches during the night and more wakefulness during the day.

6-9 Months: Sleep Consolidation

Babies typically sleep 12-14 hours per day, including naps. Most babies will have two or three naps during the day and will start sleeping for longer periods at night.

9-12 Months: Towards a Consistent Schedule

By the end of the first year, most babies are sleeping through the night and taking 1-2 naps during the day. It’s essential to maintain consistent bedtime and nap routines to reinforce these sleep patterns.

Strategies for Managing Your Baby’s First-Year Sleep Schedule

Establish a Bedtime Routine

Creating a consistent bedtime routine can help signal to your baby that it’s time to sleep. This might include activities such as bath time, reading a book, or singing lullabies.

Recognize Sleep Cues

Watch for signs of tiredness in your baby, such as rubbing eyes, yawning, or fussiness. Putting your baby to sleep when they first show these signs can help prevent overtiredness.

Promote Good Sleep Hygiene

Creating a calm, quiet, and dark sleep environment can help your baby differentiate between day and night and promote better sleep.

Understanding Sleep Patterns in the First Year

What is the Typical Sleep Pattern for a Baby’s First Year?

In the first year of life, a baby’s sleep pattern undergoes significant changes. They start from needing up to 16-18 hours of sleep spread throughout the day and gradually transition to longer stretches at night with one or two daytime naps.

How Many Hours of Sleep Should a 1-Year-Old Get?

On average, a 1-year-old should get about 12-14 hours of sleep per day, including nighttime sleep and naps.

How do Babies’ Sleep Patterns Change During the First Year?

Babies’ sleep patterns change significantly throughout the first year. They start to sleep for longer periods at night and reduce the number of daytime naps. By the end of the first year, most babies are sleeping through the night and have consolidated their daytime sleep into 1-2 naps.

Navigating Sleep Regressions in the First Year

What are Sleep Regressions?

Sleep regressions are periods when a baby or toddler who has been sleeping well suddenly starts waking up at night, and/or skipping naps.

How Many Sleep Regressions Occur in the First Year?

Typically, sleep regressions occur around the 4-month, 8-month, and 12-month marks, although they can happen at any time.

How Long Does a Sleep Regression Last at 1 Year?

A sleep regression at 1 year can last anywhere from 2 to 6 weeks. It’s important to remember, though, that every baby is different and the length of regressions can vary.

How Can I Help My 1-Year-Old Through a Sleep Regression?

Maintaining a consistent sleep routine, ensuring your baby is getting enough daytime sleep, and providing comfort during night awakenings can all help during a sleep regression.

Parental Sleep and Coping Strategies

How Many Hours of Sleep do Parents Lose in the First Year?

Parents can lose an average of 700 hours of sleep in their baby’s first year. This is due to multiple feedings, changes, and sootheings that happen throughout the night.

How Long Do Sleepless Nights Last with Newborns?

Newborns usually start to sleep for longer stretches at night around the age of 3 months. However, the exact timing varies for each baby.

How Can I Teach My Baby to Self-Soothe?

Self-soothing skills can be encouraged by establishing a consistent bedtime routine, putting your baby to bed when they’re drowsy but awake, and giving them opportunities to settle themselves during the night.

FAQs about 1-Year-Old Sleep

This section tackles some of the common questions parents have about their one-year-old’s sleep patterns and challenges.

Is It Normal for a 1-Year-Old to Wake Up Several Times a Night?

While some 1-year-olds may sleep through the night, it’s not unusual for them to wake up one or more times. Factors like teething, developmental milestones, or sleep regressions can lead to nighttime awakenings.

Can I Give My 1-Year-Old Melatonin?

It’s best to consult with your pediatrician before giving any sleep aids, including melatonin, to your baby. There could be other factors affecting your baby’s sleep that need addressing.

Should I Ignore My 1-Year-Old Crying at Night?

It’s usually best to wait for a short period to see if your baby can settle themselves back to sleep. However, if the crying continues, you should check on them to ensure they don’t need a diaper change or aren’t feeling unwell.

How Many Naps Should a 1-Year-Old Have?

Most 1-year-olds have 1-2 naps per day. The transition from two naps to one usually happens between 12 and 18 months.

Remember that every child is unique and their sleep patterns may differ. While it can be challenging navigating through the sleep schedule in the first year, it’s a temporary phase and will get better with time. Understanding these stages can go a long way in managing expectations and implementing effective strategies to ensure good sleep habits.

How Can Help with Your Baby’s First-Year Sleep Schedule is a valuable resource for parents navigating their child’s sleep patterns during the first year. The site offers evidence-based advice and strategies, supported by sleep science, to help you and your baby achieve a healthy sleep schedule.

Whether it’s establishing a bedtime routine, handling sleep regressions, or transitioning from multiple naps to one, is there to guide you through every sleep-related challenge that comes with your baby’s first year.


Understanding and managing your baby’s sleep schedule in the first year can be challenging, but it’s an integral part of their development. With consistency, observation, and the right resources like, you can navigate these challenges and ensure that your baby is getting the restful sleep they need to grow and thrive.

1 thought on “Understanding Your Baby’s Sleep Schedule in the First Year: A Comprehensive Guide”

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